President Bill Clinton signed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) into law in 1996.
It is legislation that incorporates protection and data privacy protections to protect patients’ medical records.
HIPAA enforcement is a living entity that health care organizations must incorporate into their operations to protect the privacy, security, and integrity of protected health information through ongoing regulations.
HIPAA’s regulatory requirements were developed to ensure that confidential health information could be used and disclosed lawfully.
Compliance is regulated by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and implemented by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR).
The critical components of Administrative Simplification include:
- Uniform electronic transmission of general administrative and financial transactions (such as billing and payments)
- Individually identifiable health records must be kept confidential and secure, according to privacy and security requirements.
Purpose of HIPAA
HIPAA was developed to “improve the portability and accountability of health insurance coverage” for workers who change jobs.
The Act also sought to combat fraud, theft, and abuse in the health insurance and healthcare delivery sectors. Its primary objective was to improve the efficacy and efficiency of the health care system.
With the addition of the HIPAA Privacy Rule of 2000 and the HIPAA Security Rule of 2003, HIPAA is best known for protecting patient privacy and ensuring patient data is appropriately secured.
The Breach Notification Law, which went into effect in 2009, required that individuals be notified if their health information was violated.
The HIPAA Privacy Rule was established to impose limits on the appropriate uses and disclosures of protected health information by specifying when, with whom, and under what conditions health information may be shared.
Another essential aim of the HIPAA Privacy Law was to encourage patients to request their medical records.
The HIPAA Protection Rule’s primary purpose is to ensure that electronic health data is adequately protected from theft or abuse.
So, what is the intention of HIPAA?
To maximize healthcare industry efficiency, enhance health insurance portability, protect patients’ and health plan members’ privacy, and ensure that health information is kept safe and that patients are informed of violations of their health data.